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主动形式表被动意义:

①当feel、look、smell、taste、sound等后面接形容词时;当cut、read、sell、wear、write等词带状语修饰语时;当动词表示"开始、结束、关、停、转、启动"等意义时.

This kind of cloth washes easily.这种布易洗.

These novels wont sell well.这些小说不畅销.

My pen writes smoothly.我的钢笔写起来很流畅.

The door wont lock.门锁不上.

The fish smells good.鱼闻起来香.

②当break out、take place、shut off、turn off、work out等动词表示"发生、关闭、制定"等意思时.

The plan worked out successfully.

The lamps on the wall turn off.

③want, require, need后面的动名词用主动表示被动含义.

④be worth doing用主动形式表示被动含义.

⑤在"be 形容词 to do"中,不定式的逻辑宾语是句子的主语,用主动代被动.

This kind of water isnt fit to drink.

The girl isnt easy to get along with.

另外:be to blame(受谴责),be to rent(出租)也用主动形式表被动.

发表时间:2012-12-30 23:12:00
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